Dragonfly Guide

Lestes virens

(Charpentier, 1825)

Small spreadwing

Lestes virens
Lestes virens male, Uppsala Sweden, August 2018
Photo: Jonas MyrenåsCreative Commons

Description

Our most delicate Lestes, and normally easily separated by stature and colouration, although some Iberian populations recall L. barbarus. Most easily distinguished from the other Lestes species, except L. barbarus by the bi-coloured back of the head; it has a yellow lower part, a metallic green upper part with a sharp contrasting edge between the both. The body is brown-green and in males the abdomen has, uniquely, light blue pruinosity limited to S9 and S10 and absent from the base (S1 and S2). The lower abdominal appendages are light in colour.

The pterostigma is rectangular, light brown and outline with white.

Males lower abdominal appendages are noticeably short and straight. Females ovipositor is fairly weak; its pale sheath is more pointed than on L. barbarus but less than L. dryas and L. sponsa.

Some Iberian populations have the outer third part of the pterostigma pale yellow and are deceptively close-looking to Lestes barbarus (although L. barbarus has no blue pruinosity). Species from Africa, Iberian Peninsula, southern France and the Tyrrhenean islands have reduced dark markings, most clearly on the thorax.

Behaviour

Distribution

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Distribution map. Data from gbif.org

Lestes virens range from western France, Iberia and northern Africa to Central Asia.In Europe it is widespread but the density of the populations vary greatly between regions and the species is rare in relatively large areas. Its northern limit reaches the south of Sweden and the Baltic states with a single record known from the south coast of Finland. Remarkably, it is absent from Great Britain and Ireland although suitable habitats and climate seem to be present in these countries.

Habitat

Lestes virens is found in a variety of standing waters, either seasonal or permanent, particularly in lakes, ponds bordered with bushes, reeds, rushes, sedges and grasses, marshes and brackish swamps, and also in acidic peat bogs. The water bodies are often located in the vicinity of forests, where they are sheltered from the wind. They need to be exposed to direct sunlight and are often shallow. The species is most common in lowlands, although it has been found up to 1 40 m in the south of its range.

Sources

  • Atlas of the European Dragonflies and Damselflies, Jean-Pierre Boudot(Editor), Vincent J Kalkman(Editor), Fons Peels(Illustrator)

  • Dragonflies and Damselflies of Europe: A scientific approach to the identification of European Odonata without capture, Galliani, C.; Scherini, R.; Piglia, A.

  • Field guide to the dragonflies of Britain and Europe, Klaas-Douwe B Dijkstra.

  • Nordens trollsländor, M. Billqvist, D. Andersson, C. Bergendorff