Dragonfly Guide

Lestes sponsa

(Hansemann, 1823)

Common spreadwing

Lestes sponsa
Lestes sponsa male, Uppland Sweden, July 2017
Photo: Jonas MyrenåsCreative Commons CCCreative Commons BYCreative Commons SA

Description

The most widespread and numerous Lestes in many areas, probably due to less partial to ephemeral habitats. This damselfly is metallic green in colour with light blue pruinosity in male adults. It is very similar to Lestes dryas and it is difficult to distinguish them at first sight, though L. dryas is usually more robust. In females the distinctive characters are a couple of spots forming a sort of semicircle on the first abdominal segment, S1, while on L. dryas the spots are rectangular. The ovipositor does not extend beyond S10 on L. sponsa, while on L. dryas it does extend beyond S10. The pronotum is metallic in colour on L. sponsa.

The males have the first and second segments with light blue pruinosity, while in L. dryas they are only partly blue. The lower appendages are unique, long and straight, with narrow tips. On L. dryas they are curved and have enlarged tips.

In immature individuals of both sexes, the pterostigmas are whitish and get darker until becoming brown or blackish.

Separated from L. barbarus and L. virens by the dark underside of the head, dark pterostigma (when mature) and more extensive pruinosity. Chalcolestes parvidens and C. viridis lack pruinosity, have whitish appendages, a larger and paler pterostigma and a diagnostic thorax marking. L. macrostigma has a larger pterostigma and a darker more pruinose body with almost no hint of green.

Behaviour

After mating, the female, in tandem with the male, lay eggs in the tissues of water plants, starting from the emerged part and ending in submerged part, even submerging herself completely in the process.

Distribution

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Distribution map. Data from gbif.org

Lestes sponsa is found from western Europe to Japan and is generally common within its range. It is common and widespread throughout Europe with the exception of the Mediterranean and northern Fennoscandia. It is rare on the MEditerranean coasts and is often confined to higher altitudes in the south of its range.

Habitat

Lestes sponsa inhabits a wide range of standing, largely unshaded waters with emergent vegetation, including ditches, ponds, lakes and peat bogs. This includes both permanent and temporary waters and waters that are acidic, alkaline or brackish. It can be numerous at newly created shallow habitats but most often occurs at well-vegetated waters. Lestes sponsa has a wide altitudinal range and reproduces from sea level up to 2 500 m.

Sources

  • Atlas of the European Dragonflies and Damselflies, Jean-Pierre Boudot(Editor), Vincent J Kalkman(Editor), Fons Peels(Illustrator)

  • Dragonflies and Damselflies of Europe: A scientific approach to the identification of European Odonata without capture, Galliani, C.; Scherini, R.; Piglia, A.

  • Field guide to the dragonflies of Britain and Europe, Klaas-Douwe B Dijkstra.

  • Nordens trollsländor, M. Billqvist, D. Andersson, C. Bergendorff