Calopteryx syriaca is a species of damselfly in the family Calopterygidae known commonly as the Syrian demoiselle. This is sometimes considered to be a subspecies of C. splendens
It is native to the southern Levant, where it is known from Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, and Syria.
This damselfly inhabits habitat along rivers such as the Orontes, Litani, and Jordan. Its populations have declined due to loss of habitat in the river systems in the area.