Dragonfly Guide

Calopteryx splendens

(Harris, 1780)

Banded demoiselle

Calopteryx splendens
Calopteryx splendens, male
Photo: Göran LiljebergCreative Commons

Description

Slender and metallic coloured damselfly with a rather wobbly flight, much resembling a butterfly. Wings taper gradually towards the base.

The male is metallic blue in colour and has wings with a dark band (pale blue in tenerals) extending up to the node (note that C. haemorrhoidalis coloured portion extend well beyond the node). The apical part of the wing is hyaline and even in those subspecies with a larger blue portion, at least the two or three rows of cells furthest toward the tip are hyaline. The females are metallic green in colour, with pale green-brown wings and white pseudopterostigma (false wing spot). In males the pterostigma is absent. Female wings are notably less transparen than C. virgo and has no darker band like C. haemorrhoidalis. Both sexes have completely black legs, also the thibiae (unlike C. haemorrhoidalis).

Behaviour

Mostly found near running waters where it can be found in large numbers. Isolated adults can be found far from water, in clearings and woods.

Distribution

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Distribution map. Data from gbif.org

Wide-spread in the Western Palearctic, from the Atlantic coast of Europe to central Siberia. In Europe it is common in most parts, however absent from Scotland and northern Fennoscandia and on the Iberian Peninsula, where it is replaced by C. xanthostoma.

Habitat

The species favours unshaded streams and rivers and is generally absent from torrents and shaded waters. The highest densities occur when the watercourse is relatively natural, although the species can also be found on sections that are more man-made as long as sufficient bank side vegetation is present. More rarely it is found in ditches and canals with some current as well as in seepage-fed backwaters of rivers. The species is restricted to low and middle elevations below 1 200 m. Summer water temperature ideally ranges from 18 to 24 degree Celsius.

Sources

  • Atlas of the European Dragonflies and Damselflies, Jean-Pierre Boudot(Editor), Vincent J Kalkman(Editor), Fons Peels(Illustrator)

  • Dragonflies and Damselflies of Europe: A scientific approach to the identification of European Odonata without capture, Galliani, C.; Scherini, R.; Piglia, A.

  • Field guide to the dragonflies of Britain and Europe, Klaas-Douwe B Dijkstra.

  • Nordens trollsländor, M. Billqvist, D. Andersson, C. Bergendorff